What are Altcoins?

What are Altcoins?

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As the first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin was introduced in 2009 and became the most commonly used name whenever people talked about digital currencies. It dominated the burgeoning crypto scene so much that any other crypto was considered an “Altcoin,” a form of alternate currency to Bitcoin. However, that name has remained true, despite the fact that today Bitcoin faces thousands of competitors.

Generally, altcoins present themselves as better alternatives to Bitcoin. Bitcoin was the first peer-to-peer digital currency to emerge and paved the way for many others to follow. Most altcoins seek to address Bitcoin’s perceived shortcomings and provide competitive advantages in newer versions.

Several altcoins are derived from the Bitcoin basic structure. As such, most altcoin function peer-to-peer, require mining to solve complicated problems in cracking blocks, and provide secure and inexpensive ways to conduct web transactions. Despite their many similarities, altcoins differ greatly in many ways.

Types of Altcoins

There are many different types of altcoins, as they can be developed for various purposes. Some examples of different types of altcoins include:

1. Utility tokens:

The term utility token refers to a special type of crypto token that will serve a particular use case within a particular ecosystem. The utility token grants the user the right to carry out certain activities on a blockchain network or decentralized application.

Owners of utility tokens can use the utility associated with them to pass proposals or exercise their voting rights on specific topics. A utility token owner also receives the benefits of decentralized storage and the assurance of exchange value in exchange for the services they provide. Additionally, utility tokens provide a facility for rewards for specific actions that enhances the user experience.

Some examples include $APE (by YugaLabs), $ENJ (by Enjin), and $BNB (by Binance).

2. Governance tokens:

Investing in governance tokens allows investors to have a say in their investments. With democratization, token owners use the protocol and own it. This is a way to contribute to the overall decentralized nature of the project. The community votes on any major platform change together rather than relying on a top-down, centralized hierarchy to make decisions.

A governance token is usually associated with a decentralized autonomous organisation (DAO), which is not run by a central authority. Instead, users adhere to the rules written into the network’s code, through smart contracts.

Some examples include $UNI (by Uniswap), $MKR (by MakerDAO), and $MANA (by Decentraland).

3. Stablecoins:

Altcoins with a stable market value is usually pegged to a stable asset such as gold or the US Dollar, and attempt to provide relative price stability. As the name suggests, stablecoins are intended to be somewhat resistant to volatility, so their price should remain constant, and there should be no significant price fluctuations.

Most stablecoin projects specify that they are backed by a reserve asset (e.g. the U.S. Dollar), a cryptocurrency (e.g. BTC), or a commodity (e.g. Gold). They may use algorithms to adjust their price to account for fluctuations in demand and supply.

Some examples include $USDT (by Tether), $BUSD (by Binance), and $USDC (by Coinbase).

4. Play to Earn Tokens

Generally speaking, this type of altcoin exists within the context of a game or network of games. Players can earn cryptocurrency by playing the game. Cryptocurrency can then make in-game purchases (such as game-inspired NFTs) or trade into the larger cryptocurrency market.

Some examples include $SAND (The native token of the Sandbox game), and $AXS (The native token of the Axie Infinity game).

5. Meme Coins

These crypto coins are inspired by the social currency of the web: memes.

Despite the fact that meme coins lack any intrinsic value beyond an idea, investors feel that they have become part of something greater even though they usually have an unlimited supply, which accounts for their unusually low per-unit prices. By sharing stories and promoting the asset on social media, this community of coin evangelists is able to maintain or grow interest in the asset.

Some examples include $SHIB (by Shiba Inu), $CAKE (by Pancakeswap), and $DOGE (by Dogecoin).

6. Security Tokens

Tokenized assets are offered on stock markets as security tokens. Tokenization is the process by which value is transferred from an asset to a token, which is then available to investors. The tokens would not be worth anything unless the asset were secured and held. Security tokens are securities regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Some examples include EXOD (by Exodus), BCAP (by Blockchain Capital), and FOBXX (by Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund).


· High return potential: Many altcoins have experienced significant price appreciation, with some yielding returns exceeding 10,000% in just one year.

· Innovation: Altcoins have the potential to offer unique features such as an increase in privacy, a faster transaction speed, and smart contract capabilities.

· Diversification: Adding altcoins to your portfolio can diversify your investments and reduce your overall risk.


· Volatility: The price of altcoins fluctuates dramatically over short periods, making them highly volatile.

· Limited adoption: Due to their limited user base and low liquidity, altcoins are difficult to buy and sell in large quantities.

· Scams and fraud: The altcoin market has seen numerous cases of fraud and scams, with some projects founded exclusively with the intention of defrauding investors.

· Limited information: It can be difficult to obtain reliable and complete information about many altcoins, making it difficult to assess their risks and potential rewards.

The Future of Altcoins

The future of altcoins depends on various factors, including the level of adoption and demand, the effectiveness of their technology and features, and the actions of their developers and the wider cryptocurrency community, it is difficult to predict their future with certainty. Some Altcoins may gain traction and gain value, while others may fail to gain traction. Individuals should thoroughly research and carefully evaluate the risks and potential rewards before investing in altcoins. Investing in multiple coins or projects may also help avoid putting too much capital into any coin or project.


Altcoins are alternative cryptocurrencies to Bitcoin and digital assets secured by cryptography. They can be traded for fiat currency or digital assets on decentralized and centralized exchanges. Today thousands of altcoins exist, with new ones being created regularly. They offer a variety of features and benefits, including increased privacy, faster transaction speeds, low gas fees, and smart contracts. While some altcoins have experienced significant price appreciation, others have failed to gain traction and lost value. It is imperative to thoroughly research and carefully evaluate the risks and potential rewards of investing in altcoins before making any investments. Altcoin investing carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors.

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